Critical Infrastructure

Critical infrastructure is a term used by governments to describe assets that are essential for the functioning of a society and economy. According to the Department of Homeland Security, protecting and ensuring the continuity of the critical infrastructure of the United States are essential to the nation's security, public health and safety, economic vitality, and way of life. Most commonly associated with the critical infrastructure are facilities for:

Agriculture.png

Agriculture and Food

Banking.png

Banking

Chemical.png

Chemical

Commerical_Facilities.png

Commercial Infrastructure

Communications.png

Communication

Critical_Manufacturing.png

Critical Manufacturing

Dams.png

Dams

Defense.png

Defense Industrial Base

Emergency.png

Emergency Services

Energy.png

Energy

Government.png

Government Facilities

Healthcare.png

Healthcare and Public Health

Information_Tech.png

Information Technology

Monuments.png

National Monuments

Nuclear.png

Nuclear Reactors

Postal.png

Postal and Shipping

Transportation.png

Transportation Systems

Water.png

Water

Defined by the Patriot Act of 2001

"Systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters."

Defined by Homeland Security Presidential Directive - 7

The directive identified 18 critical infrastructure sectors (identified above) and, for each sector, designated a federal Sector-Specific Agency (SSA) to lead protection and resilience-building programs and activities. HSPD-7 allows for the Department of Homeland Security to identify gaps in existing critical infrastructure sectors and establish new sectors to fill these gaps.

Are Schools Critical Infrastructure?

Additional areas are viewed functionally as infrastructure facilities such as the production of goods and services, the distribution of finished products to markets, and basic social services such as schools and hospitals. 

School_Building.png Examples of Critical Infrastructure

Critical Asset...that it's loss would have such a debilitating impact that the facility, person, or function would be devastated.