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ACEF Journal Vol 3 Issue 1 December 2012

Morris Slate Conclusion In conclusion, our analysis of student participation and performance by school size on the Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate exams for the 2008- 2009 school year revealed that girls had higher participation rates than did boys. Moreover, girls outperformed boys regardless of school size. Similar to recent studies (Greeney & Slate, 2012; Zoda et al., 2011), students enrolled in larger-size schools performed better on state-mandated assessment measures than did students enrolled in smaller-size schools. Researchers are urged to conduct research investigations in other states to determine the extent to which these results, based on Texas students and Texas schools, are generalizable to students and schools in other states. References Barker, R. G., & Gump, P. V. (1964). Big school, small school. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. Burnham, P. S., & Hewitt, B. A. (1971). Advanced Placement scores: Their predictive validity. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 31, 939-945. doi:10.1177/001316447103100417 Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Colangelo, N., Assouline, S., & Gross, M. (Eds.). (2004). A nation deceived: How schools hold back America’s brightest students(Vol. I). Iowa City, IA: The University of Iowa. College Board. (2010a). 6th annual report to the nation. Retrieved from http://www.collegeboard.com/html/aprtn/pdf/ap_report_to_the_nation.pdf College Board. (2010b). About AP. Retrieved from http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/ap/about.html Conant, J. B. (1967). The comprehensive high school. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Dixon, F. (2006). Differentiating instruction in AP: An important question? Or, out of the question? Gifted Child Today, 29(2), 50-54. Dodd, B. G., Fitzpatrick, S. J., De Ayala, R. J., & Jennings, J. A. (2002). An investigation of the validity of AP grades of 3 and a comparison of AP and non-AP student groups. (College Board Research Report No. 2002-9). New York, NY: The College Board. Doughery, C., Mellor, L., & Jian, S. (2006). The relationship between Advanced Placement and college graduation. Austin, TX: National Center for Educational Accountability. Ewing, M. (2006). The AP program and student outcomes: A summary of research. Retrieved from http://professionals.collegeboard.com/profdownload/pdf/RN-29.pdf Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Goodlad, J. (1984). A place called school. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Green, J., & Barnes, D. (1993). Discipline in secondary schools: How administrators deal with student misconduct. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 357507) Greeney, B. S. (2010). High school size, student achievement, and school climate: A multiyear study. Doctor of Education (Educational Leadership), December, 2010, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas. 13 Vol. 3, No. 1, 2012


ACEF Journal Vol 3 Issue 1 December 2012
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