The following assessments are designed to be administered in hierarchical order. Developing a well-rounded assessment team is critical to the assessment process. Assessment teams should be representative of stakeholders including, but not limited to, school district administrators, facility personnel (custodial and maintenance), security/police, public health officials, fire and emergency responders, transportation, and others who are integral in responding to incidents. The size of assessment teams may vary depending on the size and complexity of the facilities. Multiple assessment teams may be necessary based on the number of facilities. Teams need to be trained and qualified to ensure the assessments are properly conducted and meet the stated objectives of whichever assessment is conducted.
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) is a multi-disciplinary approach to deterring criminal behavior. CPTED strategies rely upon the ability to influence offender decisions that precede criminal acts. Coducting a CPTED security property assessment may identify design elements (e.g., lighting, landscaping, signage) which can be readily addressed by school personnel.
There are four CPTED principles listed in the tabbed information activity which, if followed, can deter crime and improve the quality of life in your facilities.
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Vulnerability assessment is the ongoing process through which schools identify and evaluate potential risks, and areas of weakness, capable of adversely impacting the school and larger community. Vulnerability assessments are formally or informally conducted within each of the other assessments. Assessment tools may vary from school to school, depending on numerous variables (e.g., location, environment, size, structure, and even student population and school culture). Basic vulnerability assessments attempt to identify risks by answering the following questions:
- Is there a history of crime at the site?
- What is the most likely event to occur?
- What would be the most devastating event to the site? High Impact!
- What is most the most likely incident to happen with the highest impact and begin with mitigation strategies for that event first.
The Vulnerability Worksheet (located in the sidebar) is a great preliminary tool for schools to assess the vulnerability of their facilities.
Other venerable assessment tools:
American Clearinghouse on Educational Facilities - Educational Facilities Vulnerability/Hazard Assessment Checklist
Texas School Safety Center - School District Facilities Safety and Security Audits
Risk & Threat Assessments
Threat and risk assessments utilize a team concept. Once the team is trained, the team is able to conduct comprehensive Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive (CBRNE) risk/threat and vulnerability assessments. These assessments help with the capabilities and needs for organizations to plan, organize, equip, train, and exercise options for consideration provided in the assessments.
Automated Critical Asset Management System (ACAMS)
ACAMS is a secure, online database and database management platform that allows for the collection and management of Critical Infrastructure/Key Resource (CIKR) asset data; the cataloging, screening and sorting of this data; the production of tailored infrastructure reports; and the development of a variety of pre- and post-incident response plans useful to strategic and operational planners and tactical commanders.
- Completed for Critical Infrastructure and key resources of national security.
- Begins by conducting an Enhanced Threat & Risk Assessment.
- Each area of the Enhanced Threat & Risk Assessment will be completed in more detail and expanded upon.
- Information is entered into a detailed web-based program maintained by the federal government.
- Access to the database is restricted to PCII (protected critical infrastructure information) trained and certified users.